By U.S. Government,Department of Defense,U.S. Navy
The background of the ocean Mine and its persisted value in brand new army - David Bushnell has turn into referred to as the daddy of mine conflict. As a scholar at Yale college, he labored at the improvement of underwater explosives. In his examine, he came across that gunpowder can be exploded underwater. in the course of the American Revolution Bushnell was once approved to layout a sea mine (usually known as a "torpedo" by way of Bushnell) for use opposed to the British fleet.
21st Century U.S. army Mine conflict - making sure international entry and trade - In February 1991 the military misplaced command of the sea—the North Arabian Gulf— to greater than 1000 mines that have been sown by way of Iraqi forces. Mines significantly broken army warships, and commanders aborted an amphibious attack for worry of much more casualties. Spurred on through this event, the military has taken constant, competitive and targeted motion to make sure that it really is ready for all destiny mine "events."
Solving the Mine Countermeasures challenge: an issue of concentration and precedence - This record studies mine countermeasure operations and the way they influence on present nationwide defense and nationwide army suggestions in addition to carrier doctrine.
Shallow-Water Mine Countermeasure strength for USMC flooring Reconnaissance resources - because the Marine Corps seems to the longer term with its notion of expeditionary maneuver war (EMW), shallow-water mines stay a "show-stopper" to the Corps' forcible access requirement. With restricted Naval resources on hand, MAGTF commanders are nonetheless depending on Marine floor reconnaissance resources for amphibious reconnaissance of power seashore touchdown websites -- to incorporate the detection of shallow-water mines.
The Operational results of Mine war - This paper demonstrates that naval mines are a hazard to the operational commander and that there are activities he can take to minimize the operational results of mine battle. the 1st part demonstrates that mine struggle is a pertinent challenge for the operational commander through studying 3 precept relationships.
Sweeping adjustments for Mine battle: Controlling the Mine probability - This file proposes that the U.S. army deter and, if beneficial, wrestle capability minelayers through pursuing a "pro-active" offensive mine battle method. relevant to this proposed method is the improvement, acquisition, and use of distant managed (RECO) mines. it really is argued that, given the old difficulties the USA has had within the sector of naval mine conflict, a method aimed toward the competitive deterrence of enemy mine laying be embraced with the intention to undertaking forces ashore in destiny amphibious operations.
Inadequate Mine Countermeasure platforms and features for destiny Amphibious Operations - whilst a one-thousand-dollar mine can seriously harm a one-billion-dollar ship...it is time to take care of it (Edney). the importance of mines to naval operations has been famous in sleek battle. for instance, in the course of the Korean warfare the executive of Naval Operations, Admiral Forrest P. Sherman saw earlier than an amphibious attack on Wonsan: should you cannot cross the place you must, should you are looking to, you have not acquired command of the ocean. And command of the ocean is a rock-bottom beginning for all our warfare plans. we now have been very submarine-conscious and air-conscious. Now we are getting mine-conscious.
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Additional info for 21st Century Complete Guide to Naval Mine Warfare: Modern MCM Systems, Marine Mammal Systems, Dolphins, Sea Lions, Avenger-Class, Mine Countermeasures, Mine Threat Control
21st Century Complete Guide to Naval Mine Warfare: Modern MCM Systems, Marine Mammal Systems, Dolphins, Sea Lions, Avenger-Class, Mine Countermeasures, Mine Threat Control by U.S. Government,Department of Defense,U.S. Navy